Thursday, December 20, 2012

Micronutrient powder reducing malnutrition & improving learning

Micronutrient powder has made a difference for her 18-month-old granddaughter
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Maggie Lamb
Like many other grandmothers in Tuol Khbor village, Vai Lee looks after her granddaughter, Chin Sereynit, each day while the girl’s parents work outside the village. Vai Lee observed that the 18-month-old has become “more active, more curious, and her weight is increasing” since she began sprinkling Sereynit’s daily lunch with micronutrient powder.

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Take-home treatment for malnutrition gets Cambodian children back to health

23-month-old baby has received therapeutic food for five months and gained 2.5 kilos.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Maggie Lamb

The early morning quiet in Chongrok commune in Kampong Speu province is broken only by the sound of a bouncy and active little girl clapping and giggling as she chases a dog across the front porch of the Chongrok Health Centre. Her grandmother Skaio Sivannary looks on and smiles at the progress her granddaughter has made in recovering from severe acute malnutrition.

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film



Aged 12–17, TheOneMinutesJr workshop participants learned to make films.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Karen Cirillo
 Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in  Cambodia.

Preventing mother to child transmission of HIV in Cambodia


16 months HIV negative thanks to the counselling, testing and treatment.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Shepherd-Johnson
Ngin Eng (aged 24) knew in the first month that she was expecting a baby but did not visit the health centre for antenatal care until a member of the community’s Voluntary Health Support Group met her when she was four months pregnant and urged her to do so.

1+1=2 (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Clean Future (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Dream Come True (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Feeling Safe (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Follow Me (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Unlucky Life: young Cambodians on film


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Gold For Life (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Hand And Hand (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Happy Together (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Hope (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Housework (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

I Know The Difference (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Just Like Me (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Liquid Changes Life (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Little Brother (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Poor Grandma (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Protection (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

This Is Really My Life (Young Cambodians share stories of their lives and show talent through film)


Eighteen young Cambodians recently shared personal stories about their lives and opinions in films that they directed and edited themselves. Their first-ever productions were made during a five day OneMinutesJr. workshop held in Peam Ro district, Prey Veng province over the Water Festival holiday and hosted by UNICEF and Save the Children in Cambodia.

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

Right age and inclusive school enrolment - Media campaign


A public information campaign by the Royal Government of Cambodia to get all children into primary school at age 6 is now underway with support from UNICEF and the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida).

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Growing Up in Cambodia: Nuon Sreytoch aged 16



Nuon Sreytoch looks after her sick grandmother who is in hospital.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Cori Parks
 My name is Nuon Sreytoch.  I’m 16 years old.  I am in the 7th grade at Chantrea High School, but I have missed two weeks of school now to take care of my grandmother who is sick and staying in this hospital.  The doctor thinks she should be here for six more weeks and I have to stay with her. 

Monday, November 26, 2012

With UNICEF support, young UXO survivor rebuilds his life


Sokheng rides to school on a bicycle provided with UNICEF support.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Plong Chhaya
Three years ago Phorn Sokheng was a happy and  bright student at his primary school in Chhoeu Tiel village in Sampov Loun district of Battambang province (northwest Cambodia). Aged 9 he liked nothing more than playing with toy cars, especially dismantling and reassembling them. This pastime was to change his life.

Paediatrician making a difference for Cambodian children with HIV

Refrerral Hospital has increased the uptake of paediatric and HIV care.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Julie Masis
When asked about his HIV patients, Dr. Chea Pov, the director of the pediatric ward at Battambang’s Referral Hospital, remembers a 9-year-old boy named Luos Tola, whom he met five years ago. Dr Pov recalls that the child was so weak that he could not walk or speak, “He looked like he was already dead.” However, after a month at the hospital, thanks to antiretroviral treatment that stops HIV from destroying the immune system, as well as antibiotics to fight tuberculosis, Tola started walking again.

Thursday, November 8, 2012

Community preschool inspires young students to excel in life

Davith draws pictures of animals at Krouch Community Pre-School.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Kong
Six year old, Yan Davith, is one of 15 children attending a community pre-school in Prey Sak village in rural Kampong Cham province, three hours north-east of the capital, Phnom Penh. Although she only joined the pre-school in October last year when she was five-years-old, Davith’s social skills have greatly improved. She attends the community pre-school from 7.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m., Mondays to Wednesdays, and Fridays and Saturdays. She is looking forward to starting Krouch Primary School next year, and already has big plans for the future.

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Community action prevents childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea in Cambodia

Health care worker, Kong Sokhai, examines baby Sakada.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Julie Masis
It is Wednesday morning in Battambang province, just over almost 300 kilometres north of the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh, and baby Ron Sakada, who has a cough and a runny nose, waits in his mother’s lap at the Russey Kraing Health Centre.

Monday, November 5, 2012

Growing up in Cambodia: Ang Sovannara aged 10

Sovannara in beige shorts sells lottery tickets to buyers.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid

Ang Sovannara* attends primary school and sells lottery tickets at the Vietnam/Cambodia border every day in Svay Rieng province.

“My name is Ang Sovannara and I’m 10 years-old. I live in a small house with two rooms. The house has black walls and a zinc roof. There is a separate toilet and bathroom. Three people sleep in one room and another three people sleep in another room. I have seven siblings and the oldest is married and lives in a separate house. My parents live in a separate house.

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Saving lives in Cambodia through early infant diagnosis of HIV

Two year old girl and her mother in the playroom.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Julie Masis
Van Kunthea*, who is 2 years old, is HIV positive. A few years ago, many HIV positive children like Kunthea didn’t live to see their second birthday. Fortunately, Kunthea was diagnosed within the first six weeks of being born and ever since she has been taking anti-retroviral drugs which prevent the HIV virus from destroying her immune system. Kunthea is healthy and has no symptoms of HIV, and her mother Sao Rasy*, takes her to Battambang Referral Hospital every month for a check-up and a supply of medication.

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Kompong Kong residents connect to clean and safe piped water

The family are now connected to the piped water supply system.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
After taking her daily morning shower and eating breakfast with her family, 9-year-old Srey Neang from Preak Hang village, reads aloud from her Khmer text book, whilst swaying from side to side in a large, green hammock.  Neang, is preparing for school, but her mornings used to start in a completely different way.  Since April of this year, Neang’s family have been enjoying the benefits of being connected to a new piped water supply system, providing them with readily available, safe, treated drinking water which meets international quality standards.

Field Diary: Iodised Salt Use in Cambodia


In 1997, Bona Khoy was a UNICEF Communication Assistant documenting the impact of iodine deficiency disorder in Cambodia. Now a Communication Officer, he recently revisited one family and saw first-hand how iodised salt had a made a difference in their lives.

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Growing up in Cambodia: Tou Eourn aged 14

Eourn washes a motorbike.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
Tou Eourn has never attended school and works as a motorbike wash attendant in Svay Anthor Village, Prey Veng province.

“My name is Tou Eourn and I’m 14 years-old. I’ve been living in Prey Veng province for two to three months now. I used to live in Battambang province with my parents until they divorced. After the divorce, my mother and I moved to Ratanakiri province and I lived in a pagoda with the monks.  I used to assist many monks and be a monk boy. I worked as a monk boy for five years.

Saturday, October 20, 2012

Preventing HIV and harmful consequences associated with drug use among young people

Vibol (name changed) points at the whiteboard as he mentors another Korsang client.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Robens
“Korsang is the main reason why I stopped using drugs. The staff motivated, counselled and educated me,” said 21-year-old, former drug user, Vibol* from Meanchey district, Phnom Penh. “They gave me hope when I thought my life was finished.”

Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Growing up in Cambodia: Phoen Sopha aged 8

Living in Ormal village, about 30 minutes from the Battambang city.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Julie Masis
Phoen Sopha lives in Ormal village, about 30 minutes from the capital city in Battambang province, north western Cambodia. Sopha said she was 10 years old, but according to her birth certificate, she is only 8 and will celebrate her ninth birthday in November.

Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Field Diary: Seeing first-hand how iodized salt eliminates iodine deficiency disorder

Sorn Ratha, aged thirteen, with goitre.
© UNICEF Cambodia/1997/Thearith Tith
In 1997, Bona Khoy was a UNICEF Communication Assistant documenting the impact of iodine deficiency disorder in Cambodia. Now a Communication Officer, he recently revisited one family and saw first-hand how iodised salt had a made a difference in their lives. 

Saturday, September 22, 2012

Cambodian mothers work together to prepare children to enter primary school

35 year-old Mrs Lun Savoeun plays with her daughters at home.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Sain Kimlong
Home-based early childhood education programme making a difference to school readiness.

Mrs Lun Savoeun is a 35 year old mother of three in the village of Neak Ta Snoeng in Kampong Cham province (three hours north-east of the capital, Phnom Penh). Aside from raising her own children she is also a ‘mother team leader,’ helping four other mothers to develop their children’s physical, mental and intellectual abilities in readiness for primary school at age five.

Friday, September 21, 2012

UNICEF support to Commune Councils assists vulnerable children affected by HIV and AIDS

Sina 6 and her sister Neang 12, (names changed) wash dishes outside their home.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
After helping her grandmother sweep their yard in rural Tiang Kroch commune, 68 kilometres west from the capital Phnom Penh, six-year-old Srey Sina* curls up in her grandmother’s lap, tired from completing her household chore. Sina, the youngest of five children, tires easily from undertaking such small tasks.

Friday, September 7, 2012

UNICEF fund provides life-changing benefits for vulnerable family

The house was funded thru UNICEF Commune Council budget for vulnerable families.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
It’s an overcast evening in rural Koky village and 53-year-old Thorn Soeun feeds her numerous chickens before preparing an evening meal for her grandniece Sambo in their newly built home.

Thursday, September 6, 2012

Cambodia: Water and Sanitation on a big screen


After heavy flooding in Cambodia's Kandal province in 2011, the poorest households were especially prone to the problems caused by floods, with very low access to safe drinking water sources and sanitation facilities and a lack of good hygiene practices among the families.

Tuesday, September 4, 2012

Growing Up in Cambodia: Sreng Kimchhay aged 14

© UNICEF/Cambodia/2012/Sreng Phearun
“My name is Sreng Kimchhay and I am 14 years old. I live in Phnom Penh with my family. I really love my family, especially my parents and my brother. My father is a member of the commune council, and my mother is a housewife. In the family, I am the youngest son, and my brother who is 21 is a student at university. He also works as a reporter at a local newspaper.

Thursday, August 30, 2012

Partnership programme strengthens child protection systems in Cambodia

Makara (name changed) helps herself to fruit in the M’Lop Tapang’s canteen.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
M’Lop Tapang, a local non-governmental organisation (NGO), joined forces with UNICEF and Friends International (FI), as a key partner in the Partnership Programme for the Protection of Children, also known as 3PC. The partnership programme with contributions from the German Committee for UNICEF, the Netherlands Committee for UNICEF and USAID, aims to help strengthen the country’s efforts to prevent and respond to child protection concerns. In support of government strategies, the partnership programme operates in five provinces and involves eight other NGOs across Cambodia.

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Growing up in Cambodia: Chhay Hean aged 13


© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Mengyean Ung
I am Chhay Hean. I am 13 years old and I live in Kampong Thom province with my family. My father is a manual labourer and my mother makes a living digging for potatoes at a nearby farm. In the family, I am the youngest. I have two older brothers and one sister. They are students in secondary school and high school.

Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Basic training for teachers in teaching children with hearing impairment



UNICEF in partnership with Krousar Thmey - School for the Deaf, and with funds from IKEA Australia, recently supported pre-school teachers from Kampong Thom province and Prey Veng province, to attend a four week training course entitled “Basic training for teachers in teaching children with hearing impairment”.

Field Diary: Opportunities for vulnerable children in Battambang helps community development

Jan Dannheisig outside the UNICEF Zone Office, Battambang.
© Jan Dannheisig 2012
Jan Dannheisig is completing his undergraduate degree in political science at the University of Göttingen, Germany. Now conducting research for his thesis about humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect, he describes a visit to a UNICEF-supported project in Battambang, which provides the most vulnerable children and youth of Battambang, with an opportunity to access education, artistic and cultural activities. The project is part of a larger programme - the Partnership Programme for the Protection of Children (3PC) - with contributions from the German Committee for UNICEF, the Netherlands Committee for UNICEF and USAID.

Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Ensuring marginalised children have the right start to life

Sophal Khiev, Chief of Srang Health Centre.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
“I’ve noticed people in the community, especially vulnerable women understanding the importance of visiting the health centre. Before, they would deliver their babies with a traditional birthing assistant. They didn’t understand that they needed to take special medicine prior to delivering their babies,” explains Sophal Khiev, Chief of Srang Health Centre.

Tuesday, August 7, 2012

Holding out a hand to children on the streets

Cart pushers cross the bridge that separates the no man's land to the Thai border.
© UNICEF Cambodia/Nicolas Axelrod
An estimated 2,000 Cambodian children cross the border into Thailand every day to work or beg. Yet despite these astonishing figures, there is little being done to ensure these children get the proper start in life that they deserve. The Goutte d’Eau drop-in centre, which UNICEF supports, was opened in 2001 to help support these children and is the only centre of its kind in Poipet.

Thursday, August 2, 2012

Beyond Barriers


While Cambodia has improved key health indicators for mothers and children over the last 10 years, infants born in rural areas are three times more likely to die during their first year of life than infants born in urban communities.

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

Promoting good hygiene and sanitation practices



Last year, Cambodia experienced flash floods where it was reported that 350,274 households (over 1.64 million people, including 700,000 children) were affected. The most affected provinces were Kandal, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Kratie and Prey Veng.

Saturday, July 7, 2012

Child in conflict with the law gets a second chance


Dara (Name changed) at work at the garage.
© UNICEF Cambodia/Sanoz Lim
In a busy garage in Battambang, north-east Cambodia, Dara*, 21, works diligently scrubbing down the front left wing of a vehicle. In deep concentration he brushes away any surface residue with his hands to prepare the wing for painting.

Wednesday, July 4, 2012

Complementary Feeding Karaoke


This three minutes karaoke video is part of the UNICEF-supported complementary feeding campaign in Cambodia to encourage mothers and caregivers to provide young children (from 6 months - 24 months) with adequate nutrition from a combination of complementary food and breast milk.

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Arsenic: An Invisible Poison


Flooding occurs annually in about half of Cambodia's 24 provinces. There is a lot of water but most of it is not drinkable. Over two million people living in a densely populated areas along the Mekong, Tonle Sap and Tonle Bassac Rivers. The water is contaminated with arsenic.

Surviving neonatal tetanus



Ponleu with his grandmother.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012
Ponleu is a 10 month old baby boy who has survived neonatal tetanus. When he was just 9 days old, he was brought to a hospital in Phnom Penh after he stopped sucking milk from his mother’s breast. He was constantly crying, his limbs were contracting and his body became stiff. He was cared for in hospital for 15 days before returning home to his father’s village in Prek Reusey district, Kandal province.

Saturday, June 23, 2012

Village health volunteers helping to save lives

Sokin Thorn uses a set of pictoral cards to provide health advice.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012
Srey Neang is 18 years old and eight months pregnant with her first child. Working away from her home village with her husband and family, she had little access to health services and information.

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Cambodian pre-schoolers with disabilities benefit from newly trained teachers

Class interacts with her pre-school teacher and classmates.
© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid
It’s an early morning in Stoung district, 212 kilometres north of Phnom Penh, and a class of pre- schoolers at Treng State Pre-School sing the chorus of a traditional Khmer welcome song. Among those actively taking part in the twice-a-day singing ritual, is 5 year-old, Phat Ni Ta. Although Ni Ta is unable to speak, she observes her classmates intensely, mimicking their mouth movements whilst firmly holding onto a small soft ball.

Saturday, June 2, 2012

Children in Rehabilitation Centre



UNICEF supports NGO Goutte D'eau Rehabilitation Samarkun Centre in Poipet City, North-West of Cambodia (Border with Thailand).  The centre provides rehabilitation and non-formal education for vulnerable children including art therapy (music, drama and acrobatics), sport and cooking. UNICEF has supported the centre since 2001.

Friday, June 1, 2012

School enrolment



Mondul Kiri is north-east province of Cambodia where most of manority ethnic groups are there.

To view the full photo captions, expand the gallery and click 'show info' in the top right corner.

Friday, May 4, 2012

Out of school children in Cambodia


In Cambodia, among over 14 millions population, about 41 per cent are under 18 years old. Marginalized families remain a fundamental criteria that needs to be highlighed in various programme development plans. Equal opportunity of children's access to care and education is a crucial topic. This film plays a crucial role in bringing this perspective alive on screen: stimulating discussion and promoting awareness raising with all stakeholders

Thursday, May 3, 2012

Buddhist monks assist HIV-affected in Cambodia


UNICEF correspondent RobMcBride reports on efforts made by Buddhist monks to support families affected by HIV in Cambodia

Landmine risk education



Cambodia remains one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. Children account for about half of all landmine casualties in Cambodia. UNICEF is the lead agency for mine-risk education, and also assists mine victims, especially children, supporting their reintegration into school and their communities.

Friday, April 20, 2012

Community Care of Mothers and Newborns in Cambodia


Cambodia has made impressive gains in reducing child and infant mortality. Yet neo-natal mortality or death of children in the first 28 days of life has remained high and accounts for about half of all deaths of children under five. In this video we see how UNICEF has been supporting Ministry of Health to improve the availability of skilled and quality care at village health facilities for mothers and their newborns.